Rclone 安装配置教程

前言
Rclone 是一个的命令行工具,支持在不同对象存储、网盘间同步、上传、下载数据。并且通过一些设置可以实现离线下载、服务器备份等非常实用的功能。这里以 OneDrive 和 Google Drive 为例子,进行连接配置,其他网盘大同小异。由于是交互式配置选项,只要能看懂基本没有任何难度。

安装 Rclone
官方提供了一键安装脚本:

curl https://rclone.org/install.sh | sudo bash
Rclone 连接 OneDrive
获取 token
在本地 Windows 电脑上下载 rclone,然后解压出来,解压后进入文件夹,在资源管理器地址栏输入cmd,回车就会在当前路径打开命令提示符。输入以下命令:

rclone authorize “onedrive”
接下来会弹出浏览器,要求你登录账号进行授权。授权完后命令提示符窗口会出现以下信息:

If your browser doesn’t open automatically go to the following link: http://127.0.0.1:53682/auth
Log in and authorize rclone for access
Waiting for code…
Got code
Paste the following into your remote machine —>
{“access_token”:”xxxxxxxx”} # 注意!复制{xxxxxxxx}整个内容,并保存好,后面需要用到
<—End paste
配置 Rclone
输入 rclone config 命令,会出现以下信息,参照下面的注释进行操作。

e) Edit existing remote
n) New remote
d) Delete remote
r) Rename remote
c) Copy remote
s) Set configuration password
q) Quit config
e/n/d/r/c/s/q> n # 选择n,新建
name> P3TERX # 输入名称,类似于标签,用于区分不同的网盘。
Type of storage to configure.
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default (“”).
Choose a number from below, or type in your own value
1 / A stackable unification remote, which can appear to merge the contents of several remotes
\ “union”
2 / Alias for a existing remote
\ “alias”
3 / Amazon Drive
\ “amazon cloud drive”
4 / Amazon S3 Compliant Storage Providers (AWS, Ceph, Dreamhost, IBM COS, Minio)
\ “s3”
5 / Backblaze B2
\ “b2”
6 / Box
\ “box”
7 / Cache a remote
\ “cache”
8 / Dropbox
\ “dropbox”
9 / Encrypt/Decrypt a remote
\ “crypt”
10 / FTP Connection
\ “ftp”
11 / Google Cloud Storage (this is not Google Drive)
\ “google cloud storage”
12 / Google Drive
\ “drive”
13 / Hubic
\ “hubic”
14 / JottaCloud
\ “jottacloud”
15 / Local Disk
\ “local”
16 / Mega
\ “mega”
17 / Microsoft Azure Blob Storage
\ “azureblob”
18 / Microsoft OneDrive
\ “onedrive”
19 / OpenDrive
\ “opendrive”
20 / Openstack Swift (Rackspace Cloud Files, Memset Memstore, OVH)
\ “swift”
21 / Pcloud
\ “pcloud”
22 / QingCloud Object Storage
\ “qingstor”
23 / SSH/SFTP Connection
\ “sftp”
24 / Webdav
\ “webdav”
25 / Yandex Disk
\ “yandex”
26 / http Connection
\ “http”
Storage> 18 # 选择18,Microsoft OneDrive
** See help for onedrive backend at: https://rclone.org/onedrive/ **

Microsoft App Client Id
Leave blank normally.
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default (“”).
client_id> # 留空,回车
Microsoft App Client Secret
Leave blank normally.
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default (“”).
client_secret> # 留空,回车
Edit advanced config? (y/n)
y) Yes
n) No
y/n> n # 选n
Remote config
Use auto config?
* Say Y if not sure
* Say N if you are working on a remote or headless machine
y) Yes
n) No
y/n> n # 选n
For this to work, you will need rclone available on a machine that has a web browser available.
Execute the following on your machine:
rclone authorize “onedrive”
Then paste the result below:
result> {“XXXXXXXX”} # 上面保存的token复制到这里
2018/10/31 19:54:06 ERROR : Failed to save new token in config file: section ‘P3TERX’ not found
Choose a number from below, or type in an existing value
1 / OneDrive Personal or Business
\ “onedrive”
2 / Root Sharepoint site
\ “sharepoint”
3 / Type in driveID
\ “driveid”
4 / Type in SiteID
\ “siteid”
5 / Search a Sharepoint site
\ “search”
Your choice> 1 # 这里问你要选择的类型,选1
Found 1 drives, please select the one you want to use:
0: OneDrive (business)
Chose drive to use:> 0 # 程序找到网盘,这里编号是0,就选择0
Found drive ‘root’ of type ‘business’, URL: https://xxxxxx-my.sharepoint.com/personal/xxxxxxx/Documents
Is that okay?
y) Yes
n) No
y/n> y # 选y
——————–
[P3TERX]
type = onedrive
token = {“XXXXXXXX”}
drive_id = XXXXXXXXX
drive_type = business
——————–
y) Yes this is OK
e) Edit this remote
d) Delete this remote
y/e/d> y # 选y
Current remotes:

Name Type
==== ====
P3TERX onedrive

e) Edit existing remote
n) New remote
d) Delete remote
r) Rename remote
c) Copy remote
s) Set configuration password
q) Quit config
e/n/d/r/c/s/q> q # 选q,退出
至此,Rclone 已成功连接到了 OneDrive 网盘。

Rclone 连接 Google Drive
与 OneDrive 不同的是,Google Drive 不需要本地 Windows 客户端预先进行授权获取 token,而是在配置过程中进行授权。

输入 rclone config 命令,会出现以下信息,参照下面的注释进行操作。

e) Edit existing remote
n) New remote
d) Delete remote
r) Rename remote
c) Copy remote
s) Set configuration password
q) Quit config
e/n/d/r/c/s/q> n # 选择n,新建
name> Google # 输入名称,类似于标签,用于区分不同的网盘。
Type of storage to configure.
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default (“”).
Choose a number from below, or type in your own value
1 / A stackable unification remote, which can appear to merge the contents of several remotes
\ “union”
2 / Alias for a existing remote
\ “alias”
3 / Amazon Drive
\ “amazon cloud drive”
4 / Amazon S3 Compliant Storage Providers (AWS, Ceph, Dreamhost, IBM COS, Minio)
\ “s3”
5 / Backblaze B2
\ “b2”
6 / Box
\ “box”
7 / Cache a remote
\ “cache”
8 / Dropbox
\ “dropbox”
9 / Encrypt/Decrypt a remote
\ “crypt”
10 / FTP Connection
\ “ftp”
11 / Google Cloud Storage (this is not Google Drive)
\ “google cloud storage”
12 / Google Drive
\ “drive”
13 / Hubic
\ “hubic”
14 / JottaCloud
\ “jottacloud”
15 / Local Disk
\ “local”
16 / Mega
\ “mega”
17 / Microsoft Azure Blob Storage
\ “azureblob”
18 / Microsoft OneDrive
\ “onedrive”
19 / OpenDrive
\ “opendrive”
20 / Openstack Swift (Rackspace Cloud Files, Memset Memstore, OVH)
\ “swift”
21 / Pcloud
\ “pcloud”
22 / QingCloud Object Storage
\ “qingstor”
23 / SSH/SFTP Connection
\ “sftp”
24 / Webdav
\ “webdav”
25 / Yandex Disk
\ “yandex”
26 / http Connection
\ “http”
Storage> 12 # 选择12,Google Drive
** See help for drive backend at: https://rclone.org/drive/ **

Google Application Client Id
Leave blank normally.
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default (“”).
client_id> # 留空,回车
Google Application Client Secret
Leave blank normally.
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default (“”).
client_secret> # 留空,回车
Scope that rclone should use when requesting access from drive.
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default (“”).
Choose a number from below, or type in your own value
1 / Full access all files, excluding Application Data Folder.
\ “drive”
2 / Read-only access to file metadata and file contents.
\ “drive.readonly”
/ Access to files created by rclone only.
3 | These are visible in the drive website.
| File authorization is revoked when the user deauthorizes the app.
\ “drive.file”
/ Allows read and write access to the Application Data folder.
4 | This is not visible in the drive website.
\ “drive.appfolder”
/ Allows read-only access to file metadata but
5 | does not allow any access to read or download file content.
\ “drive.metadata.readonly”
scope> 1
ID of the root folder
Leave blank normally.
Fill in to access “Computers” folders. (see docs).
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default (“”).
root_folder_id> # 留空,回车
Service Account Credentials JSON file path
Leave blank normally.
Needed only if you want use SA instead of interactive login.
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default (“”).
service_account_file>
Edit advanced config? (y/n)
y) Yes
n) No
y/n> n
Remote config
Use auto config?
* Say Y if not sure
* Say N if you are working on a remote or headless machine or Y didn’t work
y) Yes
n) No
y/n> n
If your browser doesn’t open automatically go to the following link: https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/auth?access_type=offline&client_id=XXXXXXXXXXX.apps.googleusercontent.com&redirect_uri=urn%3Aietf%3Awg%3Aoauth%3A2.0%3Aoob&response_type=code&scope=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.googleapis.com%2Fauth%2Fdrive&state=XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
Log in and authorize rclone for access # 会弹出浏览器,要求你登录账号进行授权。如果没有弹出,复制上面的链接到浏览器中打开进行授权。
Enter verification code> # 在这里输入网页上显示的验证码

Configure this as a team drive?
y) Yes
n) No
y/n> y
Fetching team drive list…
No team drives found in your account——————–
[Google]
type = drive
scope = drive
token = {“access_token”:”XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX”}
——————–
y) Yes this is OK
e) Edit this remote
d) Delete this remote
y/e/d> y
Current remotes:

Name Type
==== ====
Google drive
P3TERX onedrive

e) Edit existing remote
n) New remote
d) Delete remote
r) Rename remote
c) Copy remote
s) Set configuration password
q) Quit config
e/n/d/r/c/s/q> q
至此,Rclone 已成功连接到了 Google Drive 网盘。我们可以使用rclone同步或者复制命令来对两个网盘进行互相拷贝动作了

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